Global warming has become a global issue worldwide, and the use of Fossil fuel cars has become one of the bigger sources of greenhouse gases; increasing across the world, many governments are encouraging electronic vehicle transportation. As a result, over the decade, the use of EV-based cars have increased in multi-folds. To meet an increasing demand and usage of EV requires a larger network of EV charging station to be developed and deployed.
Creating new EV charging station will increase the demand for electricity requirements. Therefore, it is important to know the electricity demand, against which the electricity can be generated and supplied whenever needed.
Increase in demand for EV charging stations has created new challenges in deploying as well as meeting the electricity demands.
Operating EV charging stations create an issue in the management and maintenance of the infrastructure, also tracking the usage of charging stations to meet the demand.
Knowing where the EV charging station needs to deploy is very important. Moreover, it is also essential to know the accurate usage of Electronic vehicle sales and usage routes.
It is not easy to store the generated electricity in one place like Fossil fuel for the supply. So tracking the usage parent of the electricity need is highly essential to know the real-time consumption of electricity based on which electricity generation as well as distribution can be planned to meet the demands.
For planning the deployment of EV charging infrastructure and the energy requirements, Industries’ leading OEM vendors of EV charging infrastructure and Energy producers come together and form an alliance called OpenADR (Open Automated Demand and Response) and OCPP (Open Charge Point Protocol). They work together to monitor and maintain the usage of Charging station as well as the energy required. They will notify the energy supplier about the required amount of electricity generation and distribution that can be planned to meet the demand.
The Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) is an application protocol for communication between Electric vehicle (EV) charging stations and a central management system, also known as a charging station network,
By providing the following functions, OCPP can help to manage and maintain the Charging station from the charging station management center.
Enabled identifying driver and electronic vehicle to initiate charging session
The charging event data is transferred to the backend system to define the chargers and bill the EV user accordingly
Users can reserve charging stations with time slots to optimize the use of charging stations.
CPOs can monitor the stations’ statuses (i.e., which are currently occupied, and which have some issues detected)
The charging station management center can control the usage of the charging station for better management
Enables remote issue diagnostic and alerting on the events.
OpenADR helps to connect energy suppliers with energy consumers with near real-time requirements for energy. OpenADR Is a fully automated system to receive energy demand messages and a Demand Response Automation Server (DRAS) that is used to facilitate the automation of customer response to various Demand Response programs and dynamic pricing through a communicating client.
Together OCPP and OpenADR make a self-sufficient energy demand and support ecosystem.
The benefits of OCPP and OpenADR base EV charging station infrastructure are as follows.
Predict the usage of Electronic vehicles in the area and plan the infrastructure setup.
Helps energy producers to know when demand is going to rise.
Planning efficient electricity distribution network setup.
Effective and proactive maintenance planning of the distribution grid.